10 Common Health Risks to Watch Out for in Summer

Taking care of health in summer is crucial because the heat can lead to dehydration, sunburn, and heatstroke. Drinking plenty of water, wearing sunscreen, and staying indoors during peak hours can prevent these problems.

Prioritizing health ensures enjoyment of summer activities and prevents serious health issues. Check out this informative article by the experts of Hard Gelatin Capsule manufacturing company -

Heatstroke and Heat Exhaustion

High temperatures can lead to heat-related illnesses such as heatstroke and heat exhaustion, especially when individuals are exposed to the sun.

This sickness is called heatstroke. It happens when your body gets too hot and can't cool down properly. Signs include feeling dizzy, faint, or having a headache.

It's important to drink lots of water, stay in the shade, and take breaks if you're outside in the sun to avoid getting heatstroke.


Prolonged exposure to the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays can cause sunburn.

Sunburn happens when your skin gets red and sore from spending too much time in the sun. The sun gives off strong rays called ultraviolet rays that can damage your skin if you're not careful.

To avoid sunburn, it's important to wear sunscreen with a high SPF, cover your skin with clothes or a hat, and stay in the shade when the sun is strongest, usually between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.


Sweating and increased physical activity during summer can lead to dehydration if fluid intake is not sufficient.

Dehydration can cause symptoms such as dizziness, fatigue, and in severe cases, heat-related illnesses.

Make sure to drink plenty of water throughout the day, especially when it's hot outside. It's important to drink water even if you don't feel thirsty to keep your body hydrated.

Foodborne Illnesses

Warmer temperatures can facilitate the growth of bacteria in food, increasing the risk of food poisoning.

During summer, food poisoning is more common because bacteria grow faster in warm temperatures.

If food isn't handled or cooked properly, it can make you sick. Symptoms include stomach pain, vomiting, and diarrhoea.

Avoid leaving food out in the sun for too long, especially if it contains mayonnaise or dairy products.

Insect Bites and Stings

Mosquitoes, ticks, bees, and other insects are more active during the summer months, increasing the risk of insect bites and stings, which can lead to itching, swelling, and in some cases, allergic reactions.

This can cause itching, swelling, and sometimes allergic reactions. To avoid getting bitten or stung, wear insect repellent and protective clothing when outside.

Try to avoid areas where insects are abundant, such as tall grass or stagnant water.

Waterborne Illnesses

Swimming in untreated or contaminated water bodies, such as lakes, ponds, or pools with inadequate chlorine levels, can increase the risk of waterborne illnesses caused by bacteria, parasites, or algae.

Bacteria, parasites, and algae can live in water and cause illnesses like stomach cramps, diarrhea, and skin rashes.

To stay safe, swim in clean water and avoid swallowing water from ponds, lakes, or pools with poor maintenance.

Allergic Reactions

Pollen levels are typically higher during the summer months, triggering allergic reactions such as hay fever, asthma attacks, and skin rashes.

This causes symptoms such as sneezing, runny nose, and itchy eyes. If you have asthma, it can also worsen your symptoms.

To reduce exposure to pollen, keep windows closed, use air conditioning, and avoid going outside during peak pollen times.

Over-the-counter allergy medications can help relieve symptoms, but if they persist, consult a doctor.

Respiratory Issues

Poor air quality due to increased pollution, pollen, and allergens can exacerbate respiratory conditions.

During summer, the air might have more pollution and pollen, which can make it hard to breathe, especially for people with asthma or other lung problems.

To protect your lungs, try to stay indoors when pollution levels are high, and avoid exercising outdoors on smoggy days.

Using air purifiers and keeping windows closed can also help reduce exposure to outdoor pollutants.

Heat Rash

Hot and humid conditions can cause sweat ducts to become blocked, leading to heat rash or prickly heat, which manifests as red, itchy skin rashes.

This happens when sweat ducts get blocked, causing red and itchy rashes on your skin. To prevent heat rash, wear loose-fitting clothes made of breathable fabrics.

Stay in cool, shaded areas when possible, and avoid activities that make you sweat excessively, further elaborated by a manufacturer of Gelatin Capsules.

Taking cool showers can also help soothe the skin and reduce the risk of heat rash.


Excessive sweating coupled with increased water intake without sufficient electrolyte replacement can result in hyponatremia.

It is a condition characterized by low sodium levels in the blood, leading to symptoms like headache, nausea, and confusion.

This can lead to a condition called hyponatremia, where your blood's sodium level becomes too low.